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Pesticid je svaka supstanca koja se koristi za odbijanje ili suzbijanje određenih oblika biljnog ili životinjskog sveta koji se smatraju štetočinama. Pesticidi uključuju herbicide za uništavanje korova i druge neželjene vegetacije, insekticide za suzbijanje širokog spektra insekata, fungicide koji se koriste za sprečavanje rasta plesni, dezinfekciona sredstva za sprečavanje širenja bakterija i jedinjenja koja se koriste za suzbijanje miševa i pacova.
Due to the widespread use of agricultural chemicals in food production, people are exposed to low levels of pesticide residues through their diet.
Herbicides are various chemical compounds, mostly of organic origin, intended for the destruction of plants.
Herbicides can be systemic, local systemic and non-systemic, ie contact, depending on the ability of the preparation to move (translocate) in the plant. The division can also be according to the effect on the cultivated plant, and they are grouped into selective and non-selective pesticides. Herbicides are also divided by purpose and are subgroups of "graminicides", "desiccants", "defoliants", "avenicides", "arboricides", etc.
The basic principle for the correct choice of herbicides is the phenophase of cultivated plant development, the degree of permanence, number and cover of weed plants that endanger crops or plantations, the spectrum of herbicide action, and in consultation with an expert who controls production.
Insekticidi su supstance koje se koriste za suzbijanje insekata.
Insecticides are used primarily to control pests that attack cultivated plants or to remove insects that transmit diseases in certain geographical areas. Approximately 10,000 species of insects eat grains, and of these, approximately 700 species worldwide cause most insect damage on human crops, in the field, and in storage. Insecticides can be of natural or synthetic origin, and recently genes encoding insecticidal proteins have been incorporated into various plant cultures.
Insecticides are an important management tool in agriculture. They provide a cheap and effective approach to pest control, where they can be used both reactively and preventively.
Fungicidi su pesticidi koji suzbijaju ili sprečavaju rast gljivica i njihovih spora.
They can be used to control fungi that damage plants, including rust, mold and mildew. They can also be used to control mold and mildew in other environments. Fungicides are also used to control many post-harvest diseases that cause rapid and extensive failure of high-moisture products and pose serious problems.
Fungicides work in different ways, but most of them damage the cell membranes of fungi or interfere with the production of energy inside their cells.
Akaricidi su pesticidi koji se koriste za suzbijanje krpelja i grinja.
The application of acaricides is adopted during the rainy season in order to destroy the largest number of ticks and stop their reproduction. A strategic treatment schedule is applied, once at the beginning of the rainy season to stop their reproduction and again at the end of the rainy season to eliminate those ticks that survived the first treatment and multiplied during the rainy season.
Plant growth regulators (also called plant hormones) are numerous chemical substances that deeply affect the growth and differentiation of plant cells, tissues and organs. Plant growth regulators function as chemical messengers for intercellular communication.
There are natural regulators, produced by the plant itself, as well as synthetic regulators; those found naturally in plants are called phytohormones or plant hormones. There are currently five recognized groups of plant hormones: auxins, gibberellins, cytokinins, abscisic acid (ABA), and ethylene. They work together to coordinate cell growth and development.